Facts about Opioid Treatment Program
Tramal is a strong painkiller. It is administered to patients to overcome the sensation of moderate to severe pain. The active substance Tramal is Tramadol. The mechanism of Tramal’s action is to influence the central nervous system by stimulating the appropriate receptors and influencing intercellular communication.
1. Tramal – indications
The indications for the use of Tramal are those with moderate to severe pain. Apart from analgesic effect, Tramal also has antitussive properties. Tramal is a narcotic drug available on prescription. When using it, strictly follow the doctor’s instructions.
2. Tramal – contraindications
As with most medicines, there are situations in the case of the Tramal that constitute a contraindication to its use. Tramals can not be used primarily by people who are allergic to any of the ingredients or other opioid analgesics. Other contraindications for the use of Tramal are:
acute hypnotic poisoning,
acute alcohol intoxication,
acute poisoning with psychotropic drugs,
acute poisoning with painkillers acting on the central nervous system, including opioids,
treatment of opioid addiction,
taking drugs MAO inhibitors (Tramal can be given no earlier than two weeks after the end of MAO inhibitors).
In some situations, you should be especially careful when using Tramal. Particular attention should be paid to patients:
after head injury,
with respiratory disorders,
with consciousness disorders,
with elevated intracranial pressure,
showing greater sensitivity to opioid preparations.
3. Tramal – side effects
Taking Tramal may cause side effects. The most common side effects are nausea and dizziness.
Relatively often, the admission of Tram is also accompanied by such ailments as: excessive drowsiness, headaches, dry mouth, constipation, vomiting, tiredness and excessive sweating.
Rare side effects are: heart problems, diarrhea, fast breathing, reduced orthostatic pressure, gastrointestinal complaints, urticaria, pruritus and rash.
Very rare symptoms of Tramal include: hypertension, low heart rate, dyspnoea, loss of appetite, speech disorders, tremors, convulsions, uncontrolled muscle spasms, syncope, abnormal coordination, hallucinations, confusion, delirium, sleep disorders, miosis, visual impairment, excessive mydriasis, weakness in muscle strength, urination disorders, allergic reactions, respiratory arrest and anaphylactic shock.