Tramadol is a drug that falls under the category of analgesics (opioids) such as morphine. It is a strong painkiller. It is mainly prescribed for ailments such as severe pain, nerve and joint pain (osteoarthritis). Tramadol begins to work within an hour after ingestion and works for the next 6 to 8 hours.
It reduces pain
Tramadol affects some nerve cells. In the event of damage to a part of the body, a signal of pain is transmitted to the brain via the nervous system. Then the brain reacts with a certain action, just like moving your hands away from boiling water. Tramadol ensures that the signal does not reach, or less, the brain, so you feel less pain. With Tramadol, you are less likely to respond to pain signals.
Tramadol is used when strong painkillers such as paracetamol or ibuprofen do not work enough. When Tramadol is not working enough, the next step is often to use morphine, for example in terminally cancer patients.
Length of action
Tramadol works in suppositories and capsules for up to 6-8 hours. Suppositories and capsules with regular release of the drug substance work from 12 to 24 hours. The drug with regular dosing of the active substance, releases it regularly and equally to the body. The advantage of this type of drugs is that due to the long-lasting release of the active substance you do not have to take drugs so often and the dose of the drug that gets into the blood is still the same. As a result, the drug works longer and better and the side effects are less. It is important to swallow the capsule all at once so that the agent releases into the body in the right way.
Tramadol can cause side effects. Side effects are often mild and not everyone has a problem with it. Dizziness, headache, dry mouth and excessive sweating are examples of side effects. Side effects that are less common are: diarrhea, nausea and gastrointestinal discomfort.
Discontinuation of Tramadol may result in withdrawal symptoms. Anxiety, nervousness, tremors and agitation are symptoms that can sometimes occur. Do not interrupt the use of Tramadol abruptly, but it is in consultation with your doctor. Application should be phased out gradually.
Pregnancy / breastfeeding
Do not use Tramadol during pregnancy. The medicine may affect the baby’s breathing. Are you breastfeeding? Talk to your doctor about whether you can use the medicine. The effects of Tramadol can possibly cause side effects in your child.